All About Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) – What You Need to Know

Lerner & Rowe Injury Attorneys
traumatic brain injury and the law
Lerner and Rowe is here with information about traumatic brain injury and the law.

Traumatic Brain Injuries, or TBIs, are serious injuries that may result in a variety of conditions. After an accident, you should be on the lookout for what these conditions are, what causes them, prevention and treatment options, and how an attorney can help. Our legal team at Lerner and Rowe® is here with details on what you need to know.

What is Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)?

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a term for brain injuries caused, usually, by external head injuries. Some things that can cause TBI include incessant or sudden shaking, slipping and falling, penetration of the skull by an object, automobile crashes, sports injuries, and the striking of the skull against an object (e.g. a windshield). While not all TBIs result in permanent damage, all TBIs require immediate medical attention.


TBIs contribute to the deaths of many thousands of people each year. In fact, TBIs are a factor in nearly one-third of all injury-related deaths in the United States alone.

According to the CDC, the people most vulnerable for TBI include young children, older adolescents, and elderly people.

Furthermore, falls are the leading cause of TBI in general, while automobile accident injuries are the leading cause of TBI-related deaths. Luckily, though, most TBIs that occur every year are mild with a good chance of recovery.

FACT: Approximately 2.5 million people suffer from TBI each year, and males of all age groups are more likely to suffer from a TBI than females.

How Can TBI Affect Me?

How a TBI affects you depends on the seriousness of your injury. Mild TBIs are generally temporary and have less serious symptoms. Moderate to severe TBIs, on the other hand, involve more worrying symptoms and may cause temporary or permanent disabilities.

Some symptoms of mild TBI include the following:

  • Confusion/Disorientation
  • Headaches
  • Nausea/Vomiting
  • Problems with speech
  • Sensitivity to light or sound
  • Memory problems
  • Mood changes

A mild TBI is also known as a concussion. Generally, theses brain injuries are not too severe and are only temporary. Still, proper recovery is crucial to making sure the injury doesn’t get worse.

Some symptoms of moderate to severe TBI include the above symptoms in addition to the following:

  • Chronic, severe headaches
  • Incessant nausea or vomiting
  • Convulsions/Seizures
  • Weakness/Numbness in fingers or toes
  • Loss of balance/coordination
  • Irritability, agitation, or restlessness

If you or someone you know suffer from any of these symptoms, especially after suffering a head injury, contact medical assistance immediately.

Moderate to severe TBI, however, may cause permanent damage. Depending on the parts of the brain that are damaged, any of the following disabilities could occur:

  • Chronic seizures
  • Chronic vertigo
  • Permanent blood vessel damage
  • Severe infections
  • Chronic headaches
  • Ringing of the ears (tinnitus)
  • Paralysis of facial muscles/Numbness of the face
  • Altered sense of taste, smell, or vision
  • Memory problems
  • Learning difficulty
  • Communication problems
  • Risky behavior/Lack of self-control
  • Depression, anxiety, and mood swings

This is by no means an exhaustive list, so always consult a healthcare professional for more detailed information and prognosis.

NOTE: Even if your symptoms are sporadic/don’t last for a long time, don’t be fooled. Many TBIs have less serious symptoms on the surface, but if left untreated, they can progress to far worse conditions.

How to Treat TBI

Immediately following a head injury/TBI, a medical professional will take necessary steps to ensure blood is properly flowing to the brain. The injured person will most likely undergo a series of tests such as MRI and CT scans, in addition to neurophysiological/neuropsychological tests, like testing the reflexes.

Medical professionals will also take care to ensure that blood pressure is stabilized and that the injured person is in a safe environment where they can try to stay calm while their condition is evaluated. Their vitals will be monitored, and vigilant care will ensure they have what they need to recover.

Also, a medical professional may recommend that the injured person go to physical therapy, speech and language therapy, support groups, and a variety of other helpful recovery and rehabilitation classes.

NOTE: It’s important to follow the doctor’s orders. Don’t think, “I don’t have to go to therapy. I’ll be fine without it.” Many people that suffer from TBI benefit from therapy, and you may not recover as well without it. So, when your doctor recommends something for you, you should follow their instructions. Additionally, not following up on a doctor’s care could also negatively affect a personal injury claim.

How to Prevent TBI

Thankfully, there are many things you can do to help prevent a TBI. Here are some tips from our legal team at Lerner and Rowe on how to avoid severe head injuries:

  • Drive safely – Wearing seatbelts, following traffic laws, and driving defensively are all things you can do to prevent getting a TBI from an automobile accident.
  • Watch your step – Always watch your step, especially when near slippery or uneven ground. Be mindful of railings, and check the ground for surfaces that could cause you to slip.
  • Childproof your home – Install window guards, extra handrails near staircases, and retractable gates to keep your children from falling and suffering from injuries..
  • Wear helmets – Whether you’re on a motorcycle or a bicycle, helmets are crucial to preventing head injuries. Always wear a helmet to keep yourself safe on your bike.
  • Keep an eye out – Stay vigilant of your surroundings, especially during the night. Keep your eyes peeled for predators that want to steal your belongings and potentially harm you.

TBI and the Law

If you or someone you know suffers from a TBI because of someone else’s negligence or intentional actions, contact a personal injury lawyer immediately. Lawyers that know personal injury law can help you in many different ways so that you can focus on recovery. Here is what a personal injury lawyer from Lerner and Rowe can do for you:

  • Gather and organize evidence – A personal injury lawyer can help gather and organize the evidence necessary for your case. They know the that building a wealth of evidence is crucial to receiving compensation.
  • No out of pocket costs- A personal injury lawyer can refer you to medical providers that will wait for payment until the resolution of your case.  
  • Advise you – Personal injury lawyers can help advise you on what your course of action should be. For instance, is it better to use health insurance or liens. Can negotiate your medical bills/liens. Provide the best legal strategy for the best monetary outcome.  Also simple advice like: Is it best you should avoid talking about your accident on social media, and you should never apologize in the event of an accident.
  • Relieve your stress – Stress relief can be a huge help for many. By reducing your stress, you’ll be able to focus more on your recovery instead of the mountains of paperwork and other bureaucratic processes.
  • Charge the responsible parties – Your personal injury lawyer from Lerner and Rowe will seek justice against the parties responsible and pursue the compensation you deserve.
  • Represent you in court – If your case cannot be settled out of court, your personal injury lawyer will represent you in court. When you get hurt from someone else’s intentional actions or negligence, you deserve someone who will stand by your side.

Need More Information about Traumatic Brain Injury and the Law?

If you need more information about traumatic brain injury and the law, contact Lerner and Rowe Injury Attorneys today! Our lawyers are available day and night for your personal injury needs. Feel free to call us anytime at 844-977-1900 for a free consultation. Also, feel free to contact us online and check out our LiveChat feature. Consultations are free, and we don’t collect a penny until we win your case. So don’t hesitate – contact Lerner and Rowe today!

The information on this blog is for general information purposes only. Nothing herein should be taken as legal advice for any individual case or situation. This information is not intended to create, and receipt or viewing does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship.

TBI infographic.
Lerner and Rowe’s infographic on TBI.